What Do Gums Do

When we think about oral health, we often focus on our teeth. However, our gums play a vital role in maintaining a healthy smile. The gums, also known as gingiva, are a protective barrier and provide crucial support to our teeth. Because of their importance, your gums need proper care and attention every day. 

What Do Gums Do

The Foundation of a Healthy Smile

The gums are soft tissues that surround and support our teeth. They cover the underlying jawbone and act as a seal. They help protect the tooth roots and sensitive tissues from bacteria and trauma.

Healthy gums are essential for overall oral health. They provide a stable foundation for our teeth, keeping them securely in place. Moreover, healthy gums contribute to an aesthetically pleasing smile. This is because they frame and accentuate the teeth. When the gums are uneven, it can affect the look of your smile.

Shielding Teeth and Tissues

One of the primary roles of gums is to act as a protective barrier. The gum tissue forms a tight seal around the base of each tooth. They prevent bacteria, plaque, and food particles from reaching the vulnerable areas beneath the gum line. This barrier reduces the risk of tooth decay, gum disease, and infection.

The area where the gums meet the teeth is known as the gum line. This junction is critical in preventing bacteria from infiltrating the deeper tissues. Proper oral hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing, is essential to keep the gumline clean and maintain a healthy barrier. If plaque builds along the gum line, it can irritate the soft tissues. Over time, this can lead to gum disease. 

Gum Health and Gum Disease

Maintaining healthy gums is crucial for preventing gum disease. Healthy gums are firm, pale pink in color. They do not bleed during brushing or flossing. They provide adequate support to the teeth and help prevent tooth loss.

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is a progressive condition that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It starts with gingivitis, which causes inflammation and bleeding gums. It can progress to periodontitis without proper treatment, causing gum recession, bone loss, and potential tooth loss.

Maintaining Gum Health

Regular gum massage promotes blood circulation, which is essential for gum health. Gentle massaging of the gums stimulates blood flow. This helps nourish the tissues and keep them healthy. It also strengthens the gum tissue, improving its ability to resist infection.

Taking care of your gums is integral for good oral health. In addition to regular brushing and flossing, it is important to pay attention to your gum health. Gently brushing your gums with a soft-bristled toothbrush helps remove plaque and stimulate blood flow. This can also prevent plaque buildup and gum irritation. Regular dental check-ups allow your dentist to assess your gum health and detect early signs of gum disease.